Sentence Types (Tipe – Tipe Kalimat Bahasa Inggris)

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Sentence Types (Tipe-Tipe Kalimat Bahasa Inggris) – Dalam bahasa Inggris, terdapat empat tipe kalimat secara umum. Diantaranya adalah declarative sentence, imperative sentence, exclamatory sentence, interrogative sentence. Berikut ini adalah penjelasan detail mengenai tipe-tipe kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris.

Table of Contents

Tipe – Tipe Kalimat

1. Declarative Sentences
2. Imperative Sentences
3. Exclamatory Sentences
4. Interrogative Sentences

1. Declarative Sentences

Declarative sentences adalah kalimat yang menyatakan suatu informasi atau ide. Kalimat ini bisa berupa fakta atau penyataan tentang suatu gagasan. Tanda baca yang digunakan adalah titik di akhir kalimat. Esai formal atau laporan biasanya disusun hampir keseluruhan dengan menggunakan declarative sentence.

Contoh Declarative Sentences:

  • The inhibition will be opened in two hours.
  • August 17th is Indonesia’s Independence Day.
  • He is a gentleman that I have ever met in my life.
  • Pink is my favourite colour.
  • Indonesia is a tropical country.
  • I will make a surprise for on my brother’s birthday.
  • I can’t tell you about the secret between me and him.
  • Dina was lost in the badminton league. However, she is still full of spirit to practice to compete again next year.

2. Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences adalah kalimat yang mengekspresikan suatu perintah atau permintaan, bisa juga menunjukkan keinginan atau hasrat. Kalimat ini bisa menggunakan tanda titik atau tanda seru di akhir kalimatnya, tergantung pada seberapa kuat emosi yang ingin diekspresikan dalam kalimat tersebut.

Contoh Imperative Sentences:

  • Go away!
  • Open the door.
  • Watch your step. It is slippery.
  • Call me as soon as you arrive at home.
  • Please say it loudly. I can’t hear your voice.
  • Stop yelling at me!
  • Please, drive carefully!
  • Don’t close the window. This room is very hot.
  • Don’t bother me or make noise, please. I am very busy right now.

3. Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences mengekspresikan emosi yang kuat. Bisa jadi tentang emosi kegembiraan, terkejut, atau bahkan kesedihan. Kalimat ini selalu di akhir dengan tanda seru sehingga kita bisa dengan mudah mengenali jenis kalimat ini.

Contoh Exclamatory Sentences:

  • The sun shines so brightly! I need my sunglasses.
  • I can’t wait for your coming! I really miss you.
  • I can’t imagine if I get one billion dollars! I will be confused to spend it.
  • Thank you, God for your help! Thank you for protecting and helping me!
  • You make me shocked! I thought that you are a ghost.
  • This is a wonderful journey in my life!
  • Please accompany me for a night! I am scared here!

4. Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentences adalah kalimat pertanyaan. Kita bisa menggunakan kalimat ini apabila kita ingin mendapatkan informasi. Kalimat ini juga mudah untuk dikenali karena kalimat ini selalu diakhiri dengan tanda tanya.

Contoh Interrogative Sentences:

  • Is it raining?
  • Are you kidding me?
  • Have you taken a bath before you go here? Your hair is messy and you smell weird.
  • Do you want instant noodle or fried rice?
  • Who is the winner of Indonesian Idol this year?
  • You don’t like vegetables, do you?
  • Is it okay if I go for a while to buy some foods?
  • She is beautiful. But, she is not as beautiful as me, is she?
  • Do you know where the centre of public transportation in this city is?
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