Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimat Adverbial Clause

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Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimat Adverbial Clause – Adverbial clause atau adverb clause adalah sekelompok kata yang berperan sebagai adverb (kata keterangan) dalam suatu kalimat dan seperti halnya klausa lain, adverbial clause mengandung subjek dan kata kerja (verb).


Tessa came home late.
(normal adverb)

Tessa came home when everybody had slept.
(adverbial clause)

Dalam contoh di atas, normal adverb dan adverbial clause keduanya menjelaskan Tessa pulang ke rumah. Keduanya adalah keterangan waktu. Berikut ini adalah Macam – Macam Adverbial Clause dan Contoh Kalimatnya.

Jenis – Jenis Adverbial Clause

Adverb of Time (keterangan waktu)

Keterangan waktu menjelaskan tentang kapan suatu peristiwa terjadi atau seberapa sering. Adverb of time sering kali diawali dengan kata hubung seperti: after, as, as long as, as soon as, before, no sooner than, since, until, when, atau while.


After I had finished my work, I wanted to meet my boyfriend.
I was crossing the road when I saw the accident.
Before you knew it, I had had known it first.
You will understand the problem as soon as I tell you the truth.

Adverb of Place

Adverb of place menjelaskan tentang dimana suatu kejadian terjadi. Adverb of place biasanya diawali dengan preposisi contohnya seperti: in, on, near atau kata hubung seperti: anywhere, everywhere, where, atau wherever.


Wherever I travel alone, I can feel peaceful and be myself.
Pepita works in the office where her sister-in-law also work there.
I find a hotel where we can take a rest for a day before continuing the trip

Adverb of Manner

Adverb of manner menjelaskan bagaimana pekerjaan itu dilakukan. Adverb of manner biasanya diawali dengan kata hubung seperti: as, like, atau the way.



She left me like nothing happened between us.
He treats me as I am a real princess.
I love the way she cares of me.

Adverbs of Condition

Adverb of condition menjelaskan tentang kondisi dari ide utama yang kemudian menimbulkan suatu efek dan biasanya diawali dengan if atau unless.


If you don’t agree with my rule, you may leave this classroom now.
You will not get her love unless you act normally and not aggressively.
If you go home late, your mother will get angry with you.

Adverb of Reason

Adverb of reason berperan untuk memberikan alasan atas ide pokok dari suatu kalimat. Adverb of reason biasanya diawali dengan kata hubung seperti: as, because, given, atau since.


I know her address because I follow her when she goes home.
Since we don’t have much money, we can eat affordable food in the other restaurant.
He left the room as she came. He hates her.
He is rich because he is a workaholic.
They are smart as they like to study and have high curiosity.


Adverbial clause adalah anak kalimat (dependent clause). Ini berarti ia tidak dapat berdiri sendiri. Ia butuh induk kalimat sehingga makna yang disampaikan lengkap.
Adverbial clause biasanya diawali dengan kata hubung yang berkaitan dengan induk kalimatnya.
Adverbial clause terdiri dari subjek dan kata kerja (verb). Ia berbeda dengan frase kata kerja (verb phrase).

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