Penjelasan Singkat tentang Jenis Kalimat Bahasa Inggris beserta Contoh Soal

Penjelasan Singkat tentang Jenis Kalimat Bahasa Inggris beserta Contoh Soal – Terdapat beberapa jenis kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris, seperti kalimat sederhana (simple sentence), kalimat majemuk sederhana (compound sentence), dan kalimat majemuk bertingkat (complex sentence). Jenis – jenis kalimat ini memiliki karakteristiknya masing – masing. Berikut ini adalah penjelasan singkat tentang jenis kalimat bahasa Inggris beserta contoh soal.

 

A. Penjelasan tentang Jenis Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

 

Terdapat 3 jenis kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris yaitu sebagai berikut:

 

1) Simple Sentence

A sentence that has one independent clause is called a simple sentence. Sebuah kalimat yang memiliki sebuah klausa / induk kalimat disebut sebagai kalimat sederhana (simple sentence).

 

Contoh kalimat:

  • It was a sunny day.
  • (Hari itu adalah hari yang cerah)
  • Raise your hand to ask a question.
  • (Angkat tanganmu untuk menanyakan pertanyaan)

 

2) Compound Sentence

Compound sentence is a sentence that has two or more independent clauses joined by a comma (,) and a coordinating conjunction. Kalimat majemuk setara (compound sentence) adalah sebuah kalimat yang memiliki dua atau lebih klausa / induk kalimat yang disatukan dengan menambahkan tanda koma (,) dan kata hubung. Kata hubung (coordinating conjuction) ini berupa kata for, and, or, so, but, nor, atau yet.

 

Contoh kalimat:

  • It was a snowy day, so we just stayed at home.
  • (Hari itu adalah hari yang bersalju, jadi kami berdiam di rumah saja)
  • Talk quietly, or don’t talk at all.
  • (Bicara perlahan, atau jangan bicara sama sekali)

 

3) Complex Sentence

Complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent and one or more dependent clauses. Kalimat majemuk bertingkat (complex sentence) adalah sebuah kalimat yang memiliki satu intuk kalimat (independent sentence) dan satu atau lebih anak kalimat (dependent sentences). Tanda koma (,) digunakan ketika anak kalimat terletak sebelum induk kalimat.

 

Contoh kalimat:

  • Pour the seasonings into the bowl while the noodle is cooking.

(Tuangkan bumbu ke dalam mangkuk ketika mi sedang dimasak)

  • While the noodle is cooking, pour the seasonings into the bowl.

(Ketika mi sedang dimasak, tuangkan bumbu ke dalam mangkuk)

 

B. Contoh Soal

 

I. Underline all independent clauses with a solid line and all dependent clauses with a broken line. Then, write the words simple, compound, or complex to identify each sentence type.

 

   
Complex1.There are many people like to relax and do nothing when they are on holiday.
________2.There are other people like to travel, and some others like to have an adventure.
________3.Unusual vacations are becoming popular.
________4.People also likes to go hiking or river rafting.
________5.Some of my friends spend their holiday learning, and some spend their holiday helping others.
________6.My uncle likes to help people, so he spent his summer helping to build a school in hisneighborhood.
________7.After my aunt returned home, she said that she wanted to help build a medical clinic in this town.
________8.You may find the local scenery a little boring after you have tried some challenging adventures.

II. Find 5 compound sentences and 3 complex sentences in the paragraph below. Write your answers on the space provided.

 

How to Succeed in a College

 

Succeeding in a college may require new strategies for students. A few tips from a college professor are as follows. First, attend every class. You might not want to miss the most important material in class delivered by professors. When you aren’t there, you miss important information. Second, take good notes. Don’t forget to review your notes as soon as you can. Third, brave yourself to ask questions whenever you don’t understand something. All of the professors in a college want their students to succeed, so don’t be afraid to ask questions. Fourth, get to know your professors perdonally. Try to meet them in their office during office hours, and introduce yourself. You will not want to waste professors’ time, but you can make sure they know your face and name. Finally, get a job in the bookstore, or get involved in a campus activity. Go to football and basketball games. Join a club. Be friendly, and talk to everyone. Active, involved students are successful students.

 

Your answers:

 

1) Compound sentences

  1. ________________________________________________________________
  2. ________________________________________________________________
  3. ________________________________________________________________
  4. ________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________

 

2) Complex sentences

  1. ________________________________________________________________
  2. ________________________________________________________________
  3. ________________________________________________________________

 

 

Kunci Jawaban:

 

I.

 

  Unusual Vacations
   
Complex1.There are many people like to relax and do nothing when they are on holiday.
Compound2.There are other people like to travel, and some others like to have an adventure.
Simple3.Unusual vacations are becoming popular.
Simple4.People also likes to go hiking or river rafting.
Compound5.Some of my friends spend their holiday learning, and some spend their holiday helping others.
Compound6.My uncle likes to help people, so he spent his summer helping to build a school in hisneighborhood.
Complex7.After my aunt returned home, she said that she wanted to help build a medical clinic in this town.
Complex8.You may find the local scenery a little boring after you have tried some challenging adventures.

 

II.

 

1) Compound sentences

  1. All of the professors in a college want their students to succeed, so don’t be afraid to ask questions.
  2. Try to meet them in their office during office hours, and introduce yourself.
  3. Don’t waste professors time, but make sure they know your name and face.
  4. Finally, get a job in the bookstore, or get involved in a campus activity.
  5. Be friendly, and talk to everyone.

 

2) Complex sentences

  1. When you aren’t there, you miss important information.
  2. Don’t forget to review your notes as soon as you can.
  3. Third, brave yourself to ask questions whenever you don’t understand something.

 

Demikianlah penjelasan singkat tentang jenis kalimat bahasa Inggris beserta contoh soal. Dengan mengerjakan soal – soal tersebut, pemahaman teman – teman tentang jenis kalimat bahasa Inggris akan meningkat. Good luck!

Tags: #kalimat bahasa inggris

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