Penjelasan Singkat tentang Ungkapan Possibility in the Past beserta Contoh dan Soal Latihan

Penjelasan Singkat tentang Ungkapan Possibility in the Past beserta Contoh dan Soal Latihan – Ungkapan possibility (kemungkinan) dapat digunakan dalam beberapa jenis waktu pengucapan, yaitu di masa kini (present time) dan juga di masa lalu (past time). Mengungkapkan kemungkinan dalam bahasa Inggris dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan beberapa kata kerja modal seperti may, might, could, can’t dan sebagainya. Kali ini kita akan memberikan penjelasan singkat tentang ungkapan possibility in the past beserta contoh dan soal latihannya.

 

A. Words for Expressing Possibility in the Past

 

Untuk membicarakan / menyatakan kemungkinan (possibility) di masa lalu kita dapat menggunakan beberapa kata sebagai berikut:

 

1) Modal verbs (kata kerja modal)

  • Must
  • May
  • Might
  • Could
  • Can’t
  • Couldn’t

 

2) Adverbs (kata keterangan)

  • Possibility
  • Probably
  • Perhaps

 

B. The Use of Expressing Possibility in the Past

 

Ungkapan yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan di masa lalu (possibility in the past) ini memiliki fungsi yaitu sebagai berikut.

 

Kita menggunakan ungkapan ini untuk menebak / menerka – nerka tentang suatu hal yang terjadi di masa lalu menggunakan informasi yang kita miliki.

 

Terkaan (guess) :

That ape must have learnt how to talk.

(kera itu pasti telah belajar bagaimana caranya berbicara)

 

Informasi yang kita miliki:

Experiments by scientists at the University of Liverpool.

(Percobaan yang dilakukan oleh para peneliti di Liverpool University)

Baca juga:  Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Elliptical Construction

 

Catatan:

Kata probably memiliki makna yang lebih kuat daripada kata perhaps.

 

Contoh kalimat:

Perhaps they saw a dinosaur in a lake, but it was probably just a big turtle.

(Mungkin mereka melihat seekor dinosaurus di sebuah danau, namun itu kemungkinan hanyalah seekor penyu)

C. Form of Expressing Possibility in the Past

 

Ungkapan kemungkinan di masa lalu (possibility in the past) memiliki beberapa bentuk kalimat yaitu sebagai berikut.

 

1) Modal verb + have + past participle (Verb 3)

 

Contoh kalimat:

  • That ape must have learnt how to talk.

(kera itu pasti telah belajar bagaimana caranya berbicara)

  • The result may have led to the reason why dinosaurs died.

(Hasil tersebut kemungkinan akan mengarah pada alasan mengapa dinosaurus mati)

 

2) Modal verb + have + been + -ing form (Verb –ing)

 

Contoh kalimat:

A         : She looks exhausted.

(Dia terlihat lelah)

B         : Yes, she does. She must have been working too hard.

(Ya. Dia pasti telah bekerja terlalu keras)

 

D. Contoh Soal

 

I. Read the information on the left and tick (v) the most appropriate comment (a or b) on the right.

 

Example:

Information                                                   Comment

You start talking about a news headline.        a) You can’t have heard the latest news. v

Your friends say, “What is going on?”           b) You might not have heard the latest news. __

Baca juga:  Penjelasan Tentang Makna Whatever, Whenever, Whereever, Whoever, Whichever, dan However

 

1. You arrive on an empty beach expecting to meet a friend. There are no footprints.

 

a)      He can’t have been here. __

b)      He may not have been here. __

2. You missed the last five minutes of a football match. When you left, the score was United 4 – Rangers 1. You arrive home and talk about the final result.

 

a)      United must have won. __

b)      United might have won. __

3. A student is late for class. She sometimes drives, and sometimes taken the train.

 

a)      She must have missed her train. __

b)      She might have missed the train. __

4. A famous personality has disappeared while on holiday. No one knows what has happened.

 

a)      He could have drowned, I suppose. __

b)      He must have drowned, I suppose. __

5. You hear the phone ringing but you don’t get to it in time. a)      I wonder who that was. It might have been my mother. __

b)      I wonder who that was. It must have been my mother. __

 

6. You are expecting a friend called Peter about now. The doorbell rings. a)      Perhaps that is Peter. __

b)      That is probably Peter. __

 

II. Complete the extracts from conversations using a suitable modal verb and the correct form of the verb in brackets.

 

Example:

A         : Have you got the car keys?

B         : Oh, sorry – I think I must have left (leave) them in my jacket pocket.

 

  1. A : … and then this man appeared holding a knife and took my bag!

B  : Oh! You __________________ (be) terrified.

 

  1. A : Jane went for an interview yesterday in bright pink tights and those yellow boots of

hers!

B  : Really? She _________________ (not make) a very good impression.

 

  1. A : I feel terrible. I didn’t realise she was in the room when I said those things.

B  : Come on, it _________________ (be) worse. You didn’t say anything awful.

 

Kunci Jawaban:

 

I.

  1. a) He can’t have been here.
  2. a) United must have won.
  3. b) She might have missed the train.
  4. a) He could have drowned, I suppose.
  5. a) I wonder who that was. It might have been my mother.
  6. b) That is probably Peter.

 

II.

  1. Must have been
  2. Might not make
  3. Could not have been

 

Demikianlah penjelasan singkat tentang ungkapan possibility in the past beserta contoh dan soal latihannya. Penjelasan singkat tersebut diharapkan dapat menambah pemahaman teman – teman terkait materi tersebut. Semoga bermanfaat!

Baca juga:  Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Independent dan Dependent Clauses

Tags: #Possibility in the Past

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