Biografi Soekarno Dalam Bahasa Inggris Singkat & Jelas – Soekarno adalah salah satu pahlawan Bangsa, beliau bersama dengan Mohammad Hatta, adalah pejuang yang menjadi presiden dan wakil presiden pertama di Indonesia. Kini, kisah singkatnya ada di artikel biografi berikut.
Soekarno was born in Surabaya, on June 6, 1901, and named as Koesno Sosrodihardjo, however he was often sick so that his parents changed his name into Soekarno. Many people adored him because he had many special characteristics. He was charismatic and he made many people grace him. His parents were teachers who had huge influence. They were Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjon and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Soekarno had many wives. They are Oetari, Inggit Ganarsih, Fatmawati, Hartini, Kartini Manoppo, Ratna Sari Dewi, Haryati, Yurike Sanger, and Heldy Djafar. Fatmawati gave him five children. They are Megawati Soekarno Putri, Sukmawati Soekarno Putri, Rachmawati Soekarno Putri, Guntur Soekarno Putra and Guruh Soekarno Putra.
Soekarno went to primary school in Mojokerto and after that he continued to high school in Surabaya. There were many advantages by having education in Surabaya. One of those was he knew many figures who had reformist soul and they were willing to struggle for Indonesia’s independence. After he graduated from high school, he continued his study in Bandung. At that era, he chose Netherlands engineering school or now it is well-known as ITB (Bandung Intitute of Technology).
After he finished his study, Soekarno realized and became more concerned in the struggle to reach the independence of Indonesia. The history noted that his effort was hard and he often dealt with law. Soekarno also establish a party named Indonesian National Party on July 4, 1927. The purpose of this party was to free Indonesia from Netherlands colonial government. Due to his bravery, the colonial government arrested him and he was jailed in Suka Miskin, on December 1929. He was free from the jail in 1931.
Nevertheless, his struggle came true than on August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta declared the independence and freedom of Indonesia. This declaration of independence brought them together to be the first president and vice president of Indonesia. During his presidency, Soekarno faced many problems. He focused in building the image of Indonesia to eyes of the world. Soekarno also got many awards. One of them was a doctor title from 26 universities in Indonesia and the other countries, such as Gajah Mada University, Indonesia University, Bandung Institue of Technology, Padjadjaran University, Hasanuddin University, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Jakarta, Columbia University (Amerika Serikat), Berlin University (Jerman), Lomonosov University (Rusia) and Al-Azhar University (Mesir). President Soekarno also gave many ideas to the international world. He felt empathically to help the countries in Africa which had not got their independence yet, therefore he initiated to hold a conference of Asia-Africa in Bandung in 1955.
Soekarno had to step back in 1967. After his presidency period, he spent his time in Bogor Palace. Day by day, his health became worsen so that he had to get care from president’s doctor team. He passed away on June 20, 1970, in Jakarta. Soekarno is well-know as the founding Father of Indonesia. He was given a title as proclamation here. The story of Soekarno was filmed by Hanung Bramantyo with title
“Soekarno : Indonesia Merdeka”.